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Suculentas \ Cactaceae

Cactaceae
(A. L. de Jussieu 1789)


Etymology: Cactus family.
Origin: Exclusive of the American continent, except a few species feral on other continents in very remote times.

They are the most famous of Suculent plants. In spite of popular believes, all its species come from America, although in the last centuries and thanks to human activity, they have colonized all places in the planet.

There are species that only reach a few kilometers, to others that can exceed 20 meters. Not all have thorns, some have leaves. Not all are desert.

Protection Law
CITES
Field
Global Level Cites II
Convenio sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestre

Principales Taxones:
Cactoideae

Cactoideae

Etymology: Similar to the cacteae plants.
Origin: All American continent. There are some isolated populations in Africa and the Indian of unknown origin.

The bulk of the cacti, their only common feature easily recognizable is the total lack of leaves. Leer Más

Maihuenioideae (P. Fearn 1996)

Maihuenioideae (P. Fearn 1996)

Etymology: Similar to the Maihuenia plants.
Origin: Southern Argentina and Chile.

very turfgrass plants with persistent cylindrical leaves and succulent stems. C3 has metabolism. Leer Más

Opuntioideae (K. Schumann 1898)

Opuntioideae (K. Schumann 1898)

Etymology: Similar to the Opuntia plants.
Origin: Virtually the entire American continent.

Plants vary greatly in habit, from caespitosa up tree. They usually have leaves but these are often not persistent. Almost all species have a strong segmentation. They glochids and thorns, in many cases retrobarbadas. Daytime flowers. Leer Más

Pereskioideae (K Schumann 1898)

Pereskioideae (K Schumann 1898)

Etymology: Similar to the Pereskia plants.
Origin: In different areas of Central and South America.

On a tree or shrub, leaves are fully formed. CAM metabolism present in the stems and leaves C3. They have thorns, in some cases large. Leer Más